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Broken Hill Australia

Attractions & history of the Silver City


The history of Broken Hill is a story of trials and triumphs. The discovery of the rich line of lode in Outback New South Wales was an important event in the young history of Australia.
Broken Hill owes it's existence to a young German boundary rider who discovered the rich orebody, that became later known as the Line of Lode, in 1883.

argent street broken hill
Argent Street 2010

The city is surrounded by the undulating hills of the Barrier Ranges, named by Charles Sturt in 1844. It was Sturt who mentioned a "broken hill" that appeared as having a break in it.

It was exactly in these broken hill(s) where Charles Rasp discovered one of the world's richest silver-lead-zinc orebody. It didn't take long until a thriving mining town developed, and mining has been an important part of the Silver City's economy since then.

Today, Broken Hill is the main centre in the far west with all modern amenities. Stay a couple of days and explore the city & its surroundings before you head off to see famous places in Outback NSW, for example like Silverton, Corner Country, Menindee Lakes and the Darling River.

Broken Hill is divided in a northern and southern part by the railway line and the huge mullock heap (waste material from the mines). The city centre is north of the mullock hills, Argent Street has been the main road since the early days.

The beauty of the Outback landscapes, the magic of colours, glowing sunsets and deep blue skies, have attracted artists and photographers, and last but not least travellers, to visit and stay in this major centre in New South Wales' far west.

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Since my first stay in Broken Hill more than 20 years ago, I return at every opportunity to this wonderful city.

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Quick Facts

  • Population: approximately 20,000
  • City area: 179 kmĀ²
  • State: New South Wales
  • Elevation: 315 m
  • Post Code: 2880
  • Time zone: While NSW is in the Australian Eastern Standard Time zone, Broken Hill and surroundings (Yancowinna County) follows the Australian Central Standard Time.
  • Distances to major cities: Sydney 1,167 km; Adelaide 508 km; Mildura 296 km
  • How to get there?: The Barrier Hwy connects Broken Hill to the east and west with other major roads that lead to Adelaide and Sydney. From Mildura in the south take the Silver City Hwy.
    The Indian Pacific from Sydney to Perth stops twice a week for the journey in each direction. There is a Countrylink train connection with Sydney, and a coach servie to Dubbo to catch more trains.
  • Visitor Information Centre on the corner of Blende & Bromide Streets. The centre is open daily (except Christmas Day) from 8:30am to 5pm. The friendly staff will be happy to assist you to get the most out of your visit.
  • Facilities: Broken Hill has full town facilities, a large number of supermarkets, shops, hotels & motels.
    You can use the search tool at the end of this page to check accommodation.

Attractions in Broken Hill

You'll feel like being in a "chemistry laboratorium" when you walk around in the city centre, as many streets are named after minerals. Beryl, Sulphide, Chloride, Cobalt are just a few examples. Other streets are named after members of the town government and mining officials.

It is said the Silver City is a living museum, and yes, you are reminded of the early days by interpretive signs and the presence of the beautiful historical buildings.
Take the two-hour signposted Heritage Trail to discover outstanding buildings. Don't forget your camera!

  • The cast iron verandah of the Palace Hotel (1899) is classified by the National Trust as the longest in NSW.
  • The Trades Hall (1898-1905) is a most impressive building. Trade Unions have been always important in the mining town, and the Trade Hall has been home to the union movement since the early days. If you want to celebrate a special event in style, you can hire the Trades Hall.
  • The red brick Post Office (1890-1892) was designed by James Barnet. The first post office in Broken Hill opened in 1886, but it soon was considered too small for the booming mining town.
  • The Town Hall (1890-1891) in Argent Street is a fine example of Victorian Italianate style architecture.
  • Lookout points to enjoy Broken Hill's panorama include Joe Keenan's Lookout at Kaolin St., Block 10 lookout accessible from Galena St. and the Line of Lode at the end of Federation Way.
  • Junction Mine, Menindee Rd, was one of the earliest leases, pegged out in 1884. Junction Mine was worked until 1972. It is now open to visitors who are interested to see how a mining site worked. Browne's Shaft, the concentration mill and other structures are features on the site. Go in late afternoon to take amazing photos.
  • The Line of Lode Miner's Memorial on the edge of the mullock heap commemorates the 900 miners who lost their lives while working underground.
  • If you really want to experience the hard life of miners in the 19th century, join a walk-in tour of Daydream Mine. The mine is 13km off Silverton Rd, and about 20km from the city. Daydream Mine started its short operation in 1882, a few years before the mining boom began in the Silver City.
  • Visit the School of the Air (Lane Street) and the Royal Flying Doctor Service (at the airport). Both institutions have an invaluable impact on people living in the remote Australian Outback.
  • See the The Living Desert Flora & Fauna Sanctuary on the outskirts of the city to learn about the flora and fauna of the Barrier Ranges. The Sculpture Symposium is another attraction within the reserve.

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History of Broken Hill

The Wiljakali Aboriginal people had lived in the Broken Hill region for more than 40,000 years when the first Europeans arrived in the far west of New South Wales.

  • Surveyor-General Sir Thomas Mitchell was the first white man in the area. Only three years later, in 1844, Charles Sturt named the Barrier Ranges and mentioned a "broken hill". Although Sturt's expedition failed to find the Australian inland sea, their mapping and descriptions of the far northwest helped to open up this unknown region.
  • Pastoralists followed the early explorers in the 1850. This was the beginning of major changes for the local Aborigines. Flocks of sheep, fences and mining stopped their traditional nomadic life.
  • Charles Rasp, a German boundary rider who worked at Mount Gipps station pegged the first claim on top of the "broken hill". Rasp thought the hill would contain deposits of tin, but first samples examined in Adelaide showed quantities of lead and zinc with traces of silver.
    On September 5, 1883 he registered his mining lease. Mount Gipps station manager George McCulloch, James Poole, David James, George Lind and Geore Urquhart joined and together they formed the "syndicate of seven".
    It took nearly two years until finally rich silver chlorides were found.
    In 1885 the "Syndicate of Seven" registered the Broken Hill Proprietary Company or BHP. The big Australian mine put Australia onto the world's economic stage.
  • Broken Hill became a municipality in 1888. The foundation stone for the impressive town hall was laid by Sir Henry Parks in 1890. The new town hall was designed in Australia-Italianate style and built with stone from the Block 14 mine.
  • Argent Street runs parallel with the ore-loaded hill. In the early days it was just a sandy, or muddy street without defined footpaths. The early buildings were constructed of timber and iron. Water and food was short, dust storms were common, nevertheless, Broken Hill had a population of more than 20,000 by 1891. It is hard to imagine how poor living conditions must have been for the early miners and their families.
  • More civic buildings, the police station, courthouse and post office were built in the 1890s, along with schools and the technical college.
  • 1892 the Stephens Creek reservoir and reticulation system was built and improved living conditions in the town. Yet, conditions for the miners were still poor, hundred of men were killed in the mines.
  • At the turn of the century 27,000 people lived and worked in Broken Hill, and the town had 60 liscensed hotels.
  • Following bitter industrial disputes in the early 20th century, the Broken Hill Barrier Industrial Council was formed in 1923. It was an affiliation of 18 unions. As a result, working conditions in the mines finally improved.
  • The Broken Hill Proprietary Company (BHP) hasn't been the only mining company in Broken Hill. Actually, BHP ventured into steel manufacturing and later into petroleum exploration. "The big Australian", as BHP once was known, merged with the Anglo-Dutch Billiton to form the world's largest mining company in 2001.

old hotel with a wide veranda
The Royal Palace Hotel
post office is a stone building with a tower
Post Office
another old building is the trades hall
Trades Hall
mining area broken hill
North Mine
junction mine
Junction Mine
picture from an interpretive sign
Argent Street 1888
Discover what the city looked like in the early days. The Heritage Walk offers heaps of information on many signposts.

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Broken Hill has played an important part in the history of Australia. The city has a lot of charme, friendly people and much to explore beyond. Discover the "accessible Outback". Drive on sealed highways and feel the vast distances and the grandeur of the Australian Outback.

For more information on Outback New South Wales check the following pages.

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